FaMonday – Industrial Revolution Mercantile Gallery Walk
Tuesday/Wednesday: Vocabulary & Grammar
Vocabulary: Woodrow Wilson, Treaty of Versailles, Reparations, Vladimir Lenin, Kleptocrat, Exigent, Rejoinder, Glib, Atelier, Fatuity, Internecine, Bolsheviks, Communism, Soviet Union, Totalitarian
Perfect Tenses: Relates one past event to another past event, a past event to the present, or one future even to another future event.
Past Perfect – When two events happened in the past, past perfect tense lets you tell which event happened before the other. Use the verb had.
Example 1: When I drank the lemonade, I had jogged five miles that morning. (drank is past tense, but the jogging came before the drinking, you show the 1st event by using had).
Example2: I had had a dog, but it ran away. (First I had a dog. Later it ran away. Both events happened in the past but the “h” helping verb attaches to the event that happened first.
Present Perfect – Use present perfect to tell an even happened in the past but has continued in the present. Use the verbs has or have. Remember has is singular and have is plural.
Example: I have taught English for almost 10 years now. (I started teaching in 2008 and and I am still teaching now.)
Future Perfect – Show that two actions will happen in the future but one will happen before the other using the helping verbs will have.
Example: By the time you graduate, you will have passed four English classes. (You will graduate in the future, but before you do, you will have passed all your English classes.)
Progressive Tenses – Also called the continuous tense, the Progressive tense shows something continuously occurring at some point in time. (Adds –ing to the main verbs).
Progressive Past: Noel was reading her book when I worked on my project.
Progressive Present: Noel is reading the last chapter of her book.
Progressive Future: Noel will not be reading the book tomorrow.
Progressive Past Perfect: Noel had not been reading when Mrs. Dennis gave instructions.
Progressive Present Perfect: Noel has been reading novels since she was seven.
Progressive Future Perfect: Tomorrow, Noel will have been reading the new book for two days.
Emphatic Tense: With helping verbs do, does, and did, create questions, emphasize a statement, or create a negative statement using not.
Present Emphatic: I do like green eggs and ham.
Do you like green eggs and ham?
He does not like green eggs and ham?
Past Emphatic: I did read that Dr. Seuss book.
Did you read that Dr. Seuss book?
Faulty Pronoun Reference: A pronoun must clearly refer to a previous noun (antecedent). If that noun is unclear, the pronoun reference is ambiguous or vague. Here are some common mistakes:
- Joe told Mike that his swim class starts at noon. Both antecedents are masculine and the pronoun is masculine. Who has the class, Joe or Mike? This reference is ambiguous.
- They said it will rain on Tuesday. Who said the weather was rainy? Forecasters? Meterologists? Mrs. Brown’s kindergarten class? There is no antecedent. The writer did not specify who, therefore the pronoun reference is vague.
- How do you get to East Point? You could be anyone. The writer must revise this sentence to request the direction from which to travel.